Allama Iqbal

Mohammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, he received a traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu before studying at a liberal education that defined the contours of his thought and his poetry throughout his life. He worked in different capacities at different points of time; he taught philosophy, practised law, got involved in politics, and also attended the second Round Table Conference. In 1938 he was knighted by King George V and called Sir Mohammad Iqbal thereafter. Iqbal was a renowned Pakistani poet and philosopher who wrote in both Persian and Urdu. He is often regarded as the poet-philosopher of the East, and was known for his philosophy of wahdatul wujood (unity of existence) and propounding the philosohy of khudi (selfhood). Beyond that, he also dreamed of the “complete man” and entered into a metaphoric dialogue with the divine. His poetry has left behind collections of poems, lectures, and essays.

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